Transgressive, Immersive, Delinquent

Dark MOFO has us looking upwards, into the spaces between the stars

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Tower of light sml

and inwards, to our darkest thoughts.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Hall of Mirrors sml

A Ritual Celebration of the Winter Solstice.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO bonfire still from Tourism Tasmania video

 “Rituals are not just ceremonies: their purpose is to effect transition and change … a special place is chosen or created, away from the everyday … relationships are suspended, and everyday life is turned upside-down. They become a temporary world apart.”

Professor Adrian Franklin, The Making of MONA, p278.

DARK MOFO is Hobart’s mid-winter festival of food, music and art. In 2017, it will run from 8th to 21st June.

The BBC has called it “Australia’s most intense public art festival”

But that scarcely covers it.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Fear Eats the Soul

Dark MOFO is Transgressive, Immersive, Delinquent.

“A period in which normal limits on thought, self-understanding and behaviour are undone.” Adrian Franklin, The Making of MONA, p278.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Nude Swim in Derwent River

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Drummers

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO parade

Dark MOFO draws us into darkness, the night, the obscure

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Dark Park red light walls

It can be disarmingly, quietly poetic.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO UVA Our Time copy

In 2016, Dark MOFO presented Our Time by United Visual Artists, a kinetic sculptural work in which pendulums of light swing around arhythmically, with patterns emerging and dissipating. This is accompanied by a deep, haunting, ringing. You can see and hear Our Time here.

 “How long is a moment? At what rate does time actually pass?” United Visual Artists

UVA co-founder Matt Clark explains that Our Time is at once meditative and dramatic. It is a study of our perceptions — a space of rhythm, harmony and discord, in which the passing of time is “almost tangible” (Nina Azarello I on Design Boom).

Our past, our losses, deep sadness.

In Dark MOFO 2016, Mike Parr presented Asylum,  an interactive work in the empty wards of  Willow Court, at New Norfolk.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Willow Court

Willow Court was Australia’s oldest continually run asylum for the “criminally insane”. It was decommissioned in 2000 and has attained an almost mythical status in the Hobart communities, with many long term residents knowing of someone, or related to someone, who was sent there. It was seen as an uncaring place, devoid of compassion or understanding. Its empty rooms now evoke feelings of loss and abandonment. There are rumours that Willow Court is haunted.

Parr is  known for confronting works of performance art, featuring endurance and physical trauma, which transgress both material constraints and social norms.  In Asylum, he sat in a room at Willow Court for 72 hours without respite, drawing. He was remembering his brother who suffered schizophrenia for most of his life and died in 2009 from alcoholic poisoning. To gain entry, visitors were required to bring a mirror of any size or shape and leave it somewhere in the abandoned asylum.

Before the work, in an effort to concentrate the mind, Parr fasted and meditated for a week. He said this gave him “focus and resolution” and helped him to anticipate his own anxiety. He said that in performing the piece he felt as though he was “working at the edge of the history”.

 “Performance art always puts you in a kind of limit state. You’re deposited at the edge of the present tense …  I started to spill all over the place. ” Mike Parr interview with Elizabeth Pearce on MONA blog.


In 2016, Dark MOFO was loosely based around a theme of storms, in association with an exhibition at the Tasmanian Museum and Art Gallery where an exhibition titled “TEMPEST” began in Prospero’s library.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Prosperos cave TMAG


Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO Thomas Gray


In 2016 there was gothic costume ball at the premises of Turnbull Family Funerals, the only funeral home in Hobart with an on-site crematorium.

The night featured performances by Strings on Fire, Sfumato Hair, Glitter and Snatch and dancers Shian Law and Jo Lloyd. There are some striking images here.


One purpose of a winter solstice ritual is to look ahead to a time of renewal.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO dragon and I Ketut Rina copy

Last year’s closing ceremony featured a Balinese cleansing ritual. Festival-goers wrote down their worst fears and these were placed in the belly of a papier-maché ogoh-ogoh dragon, which was set fire to. The ceremony was accompanied by taiko drumming and the clanging of pots and pans.

In Balinese Hinduism this burning ceremony restores the natural balance between the seen and unseen worlds.

Tasmania MONA Dark MOFO The Burning by Adam Gibson

Get there if you can. It’s going to be huge.

Dark MOFO began in 2013. In 2016 it attracted around 280,000 people. By 2021, organisers hope to attract 500,000, including 200,000 visitors from interstate and overseas.

“Dark Mofo has embraced all that makes Tasmania unique. No one can copy it and nowhere can replicate it.” Will Hodgman, Premier of Tasmania.

Thank you to these people for the images

“Dark MOFO: Imagine a tower of pure, white light” by Tourism Tasmania & Alice Hansen, 123178

“Dark MOFO: Dark Park” by Adam Gibson via Tourism Tasmania, 131220 and 131217

Stills from “Winter events: Yes it’s cold” video by Tourism Tasmania

“Dark MOFO 2013” by Paris Buttfield-Addison

“Tasmania Museum and Art Gallery” Tourism Tasmania & Simon Cuthbert

Stills from “Dark MOFO Time – Dark feast” by Michael Smith

Stills from “Dark MOFO Festival” by Thomas Gray

“Dark MOFO: The Burning” by Adam Gibson via Tourism Tasmania

References and further reading

Franklin, Adrian (2014), The Making of MONA, Penguin Group (Australia) Melbourne, 2014.

Victor Turner, The Ritual Process: Structure and Anti-structure, Aldine Transaction, Chicago, 1969.

2 thoughts on “Transgressive, Immersive, Delinquent

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  1. This has made me very excited for Dark Mofo Weekend! Can’t wait! Have you heard that Mike Parr isn’t announcing what he is doing this year? It is a mystery event and people have been told to expect something ‘disturbing’ – I’m not sure what to think about that considering last time he had buckets of wee!


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